If you don’t already have earthquake insurance on your home, it may be time to take another look. Since the Nisqually quake fourteen years ago in February 2001, scientists have been looking at the fault lines in Western Washington. Their conclusions suggest that the Olympic Peninsula could be a hot spot for seismic activity — and that it could be hit hard during the region’s next big earthquake.
While no one knows how to predict when an earthquake will occur, the geological evidence suggests they do happen with a periodicity. There are about 5,000 earthquakes a year in the United States, according to the Insurance Information Institute. We know that major quakes struck Pacific Northwest in about 1100 A.D. and 1700 A.D., so within a couple hundred years or so it looks like we may be due for another. And, since Mother Nature doesn’t seem prone to waiting on our convenience, it can come at any time. The Nisqually quake was costly; about $2 billion in damages. It was also a wake-up call and after that quake a lot of effort has gone into strengthening the public infrastructure around Puget Sound as well as efforts by private homeowners to make seismic readjustments. Most of our homes here are of wood construction so retrofitting for earthquake mitigation mainly involves tying houses tighter to their foundations, bracing chimneys, strapping hot water heaters and generally making certain that pictures or other household items that can either tip over or fall off the wall are secured. Retrofitting public buildings is a bit more difficult since many of our historic structures out here on the Peninsula are made of brick.
Every family ought to have an earthquake kit stocked and ready for any emergency. Kits can be purchased in many stores or online, or you can make up your own. The general recommendation is for a three-day supply of food and water for every member of the family – including food and water for pets – together with supplies like bandages, flashlights and other survival items. These items can all be packed together in a large plastic trashcan or other container and stowed in the garage or anyplace it can be conveniently retrieved later. There are plenty of good sources of suggestions for items to stow in an earthquake kit, like the one here.
We began this piece noting that if you don’t have earthquake insurance this anniversary month of the Nisqually quake might be a good time to consider looking into it. You probably already know – or should know – that your Washington homeowner’s insurance policy is not likely to cover damage in the event of an earthquake. You will need specific earthquake coverage to provide protection. Earthquake insurance costs vary with location, the type of building and its age; older buildings and brick buildings cost more to insure.
Earthquake coverage also generally carries a higher deductible than homeowners insurance; in Washington and other western states deductibles may be 10% or more of the insured value; $25,000 or more on a $250,000 home. As always, if you can tolerate a higher risk, you can often lower premiums by agreeing to a higher deductible.